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Mt. Carmel’s “Neanderthal Man”

How a discovery in the Mount Carmel region helps verify that Neanderthals were fully human.

Due to the evolutionary propaganda constantly being pushed by pop science, public education, mainstream media, museums, and the like, many people have been conditioned into believing numerous scientific “facts” which have later proved to be totally false. For example, it has become a cultural stereotype to picture Neanderthals (or Neandertals) as sub-human bent-kneed brutes. Even the term Neanderthal is often used today in a derogatory sense to insinuate low intelligence. However, the less-than-human status of Neanderthals is now being dramatically overturned—though the public remains largely unaware of that fact.

“The most compelling archaeological evidence for the fully human status of Neanderthals is the ceremonial burial of their loved ones.

Christopher Rupe & John Sanford

Indeed, though initially thought by the majority of evolutionists to be either a missing link between ape and man or else a separate sub-human species that went extinct, based on new findings many (if not all) experts now regard Neanderthal man as fully human. Even some museum displays that once depicted Neanderthals as apish sub-human brutes, have now been updated to give them a very human appearance. This dramatic makeover is based upon evidence from paleontology, archaeology, and even genetics.


For example, from the nearly 500 Neanderthal skeletons now recovered, fossil evidence clearly shows that they are not significantly different from anatomically modern humans (AMH). Although a Neanderthal’s elongated skull shape and larger brain case is distinct, and its skeleton is generally more robust, neither of these two features is outside the range of human variation. As a matter of fact, such Neanderthal-like features are even seen in modern human populations. Furthermore, as Neanderthal expert Erik Trinkaus points out, Neanderthal man’s entire skeleton “was fully compatible with erect posture and bipedality of modern humans.”[1]


Archaeology also confirms that Neanderthals were 100% human. Undoubtedly, “the most compelling archaeological evidence for the fully human status of Neanderthals (in addition to their beautiful sculptures, use of cosmetics, jewelry, musical instruments, care for the elderly and weak, manufacture of sophisticated stone and bone tools, etc.) is the ceremonial burial of their loved ones—a defining aspect of what it means to be human.”[2] If this were not enough, many Neanderthals are found buried together with other AMH. While there are many examples of this, perhaps the most interesting site for Bible students is a cave in Israel in the Mount Carmel region. Here, in the very same area where the prophet Elijah called down fire from heaven and eliminated the prophets of Baal (1 Kings 18:20-40), three relatively complete Neanderthal skulls were discovered together with modern looking skulls. One researcher comments on the significance of this and other sites containing co-burials: “That Neanderthals and anatomically modern humans were buried together constitutes strong evidence that they lived together, worked together, intermarried, and were accepted as members of the same family, clan, and community.”[3]


In fact, later genetic analyses confirmed just that: “Neanderthals and Homo sapiens [i.e., human beings] were inter-fertile and interbred. Neanderthal genes are present in modern populations. The DNA of Europeans and Asians contain approximately 1-4% Neanderthal DNA.”[4]  Actually, when the Neanderthals genome was sequenced it was found that their DNA “is 99.7% identical to present-day human DNA.”[5] According to the biological species concept (BSC), the ability to interbreed and produce fertile offspring is the defining factor of what a species is. Hence, Neanderthals and Homo sapiens are the same species. They are both human beings.

Therefore, just as “there is no distinction between Jew and Greek” (Romans 10:12) there is also no difference between Neanderthals and Homo sapiens. We are all “one blood” (Acts 17:26) and the same Lord is over all of us and “is rich to [every human being] who calls upon Him.” (Romans 10:12)


Ryan Hembree | March 26, 2021 – 10:35 AM EST

[1] Erik Trinkaus, Pathology and posture of the La Chapelle-aux-Saints Neanderthal, Am J Phys Anthropol 67:19-41, 1985. Ed/3904471
[2] Christopher Rupe and John Sanford, Contested Bones, 51
[3] Marvin Lubenow, In: Terry Mortenson, Searching for Adam, 277
[4] Christopher Rupe and John Sanford, Contested Bones, 32